Cardiology – The examine of the center and its perform in health and disease. Cardiologist – A doctor who specializes within the examine of the center and its perform in health and illness. Echocardiography – A method of studying the heart’s construction and operate by analyzing sound waves bounced off the center and recorded by an electronic sensor placed on the chest. Mitral valve – The construction that controls blood circulate between the heart’s left atrium (higher chamber) and left ventricle (decrease chamber). The lower two chambers (the ventricles) that regulates the electrical present that passes by it to the ventricles. Amiodarone is mainly given to patients who have not responded to different antiarrhythmic medicines. Hematocrit – A measure of the proportion of red blood cells in a given amount (or volume) of whole blood. The take a look at lets docs measure the blood flow and blood pressure in the center chambers and see if the coronary arteries are blocked.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) – An emergency measure that may maintain a person’s respiratory and heartbeat. Hands-only CPR involves solely chest compressions. The one that performs CPR really helps the patient’s circulatory system by respiration into the patient’s mouth to provide them oxygen and by giving chest compressions to circulate the patient’s blood. Bundle branch block – A situation in which parts of the heart’s conduction system are defective and unable to conduct the electrical signal usually, inflicting an irregular coronary heart rhythm (arrhythmia). Congestive heart failure – A condition wherein the guts cannot pump all the blood returning to it, leading to a backup of blood within the vessels and an accumulation of fluid within the body’s tissues, together with the lungs. Angiography – An x-ray approach wherein dye is injected into the chambers of your coronary heart or the arteries that lead to your coronary heart (the coronary arteries). Atrial flutter – A type of arrhythmia wherein the higher chambers of the heart (the atria) beat very quick, inflicting the partitions of the decrease chambers (the ventricles) to beat inefficiently as effectively. Mitral valve prolapse – A situation that happens when the leaflets of the mitral valve between the left atrium and left ventricle bulge into the atrium and permit backflow of blood.
Angina or angina pectoris – Chest ache that happens when diseased blood vessels limit blood move to the heart. Cardioversion – A technique of making use of an electrical shock to the chest to transform an abnormal heartbeat to a normal rhythm. Internal mammary artery – A durable artery within the chest wall typically used as a bypass graft in coronary artery bypass surgery. Enlarged coronary heart – A state during which the center is bigger than regular because of heredity, lengthy-time period heavy train, or diseases and disorders corresponding to obesity, high blood pressure, and coronary artery illness. Ischemic heart disease – Also known as coronary artery illness and coronary coronary heart disease, this time period is utilized to coronary heart issues caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries, thereby inflicting a decreased blood provide to the heart. Pulmonary arteries used to extend the supply of oxygen-rich blood in “blue babies” (see under). Blood supply to some a part of the brain is slowed or stopped, leading to harm to brain tissue. Cerebral hemorrhage – Bleeding within the mind resulting from a ruptured blood vessel, aneurysm, or head harm. An atherosclerotic lesion is an harm to an artery resulting from hardening of the arteries. Aphasia – The shortcoming to speak, write, or understand spoken or written language because of mind damage or disease. Cerebral thrombosis – Formation of a blood clot in an artery that provides a part of the brain.
Antiplatelet therapy – Medicines that cease blood cells (called platelets) from sticking together and forming a blood clot. Blood clot – A jelly-like mass of blood tissue formed by clotting components in the blood. Angiotensin II receptor blocker – A medicine that lowers blood pressure by blocking the action of angiotensin II, a chemical in the physique that causes the blood vessels to tighten (constrict). ACE (angiotensin-changing enzyme) inhibitor – A medicine that lowers blood pressure by interfering with the breakdown of a protein-like substance involved in blood pressure regulation. Calcium channel blocker (or calcium blocker) – A medicine that lowers blood pressure by regulating calcium-related electrical activity in the center. Diuretic – A drug that lowers blood pressure by inflicting fluid loss. This, in turn, indicators the pituitary gland to launch extra oxytocin, causing labor contractions to intensify. Incompetent valve – Also known as insufficiency; a valve that isn’t working correctly, causing it to leak blood back within the improper path. The External Jugular (EJ) runs in an oblique course across the sternocleidomastoid and, in distinction to the IJ, can usually be directly visualized. Arteriography – A take a look at that is mixed with cardiac catheterization to visualize an artery or the arterial system after injection of a distinction dye. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) – A general time period referring to circumstances affecting the guts (cardio) and blood vessels (vascular system). The sound could indicate that blood is flowing via a broken or overworked coronary heart valve, that there could also be a hole in one of many heart’s walls, or that there’s a narrowing in one of many heart’s vessels.